China's shipbuilding industry ranks first

Time: 2017/9/6 | Num: 3264


The world's largest cement carrier ship delivery, the largest construction of semi-submersible transport in Asia, the world's largest container ship will be built in Shanghai, the world's largest LNG motor vehicle construction and design contract effective ... ... Recently, a series of the world's most, Asia The completion of the ship or order landing of the Chinese shipbuilding industry once again become a global focus.

Recently, the French shipping company CMA-CGM and China's two shipbuilding companies signed a letter of intent to build, the order includes nine 22,000 TEU-class super-large container ships, each cost up to 160 million US dollars , 9 vessels of the total orders reached 9.6 billion yuan or so.

For the fierce competition in the field of shipbuilding in recent years, the British market research firm Clarkson released data show that the first half of this year, South Korean shipbuilding company received a total of 2.83 million CGT shipbuilding orders, slightly lower than China (2.9 million CGT), ranked No. two. This time more than 1.6 trillion won the large-scale orders by China to take, the total amount of orders between South Korea and China will further widen the gap.

British "Independent" reported that China is the rapid development of shipbuilding industry, eager to high profits in the field of shipbuilding to gain a foothold.

In addition, according to the Russian satellite news agency recently reported that by the Russian government invited the Arctic Yamal liquefied gas project cooperation, the Chinese shipbuilding enterprises have been actively increasing investment in the project, the construction of ice-breaking capacity of the transport of oil and gas and modules of the transport ship , The current results significantly.

■ interview experts: Zhejiang Ocean University Vice President Xie Yonghe

In recent years, China's shipbuilding industry has made a series of outstanding achievements. Container ships, bulk carriers, oil tankers three major types of ship technology in the international community has a certain competitive advantage, already have the ability to develop their own, forming a brand ship type. In addition to large luxury cruise ships, our country has been able to build a variety of high value-added ships, including large passenger ro / ro ship, very large container ship (VLCS), large dredger and large liquefied natural gas ship (LNG). In recent years, China has continuously improved its own R & D and construction capabilities. The research and development of high-tech ships has continued to be a breakthrough. The construction capacity of VLCC and VLLC is recognized, and the construction of large luxury cruise ships has begun to be designed and constructed. The

At present, China's shipbuilding industry, the amount of hand-held orders, new orders and shipbuilding and other indicators have been ranked first in the world. Although the scale and the total has been the world's first, but in independent research and development capabilities, China is not a shipbuilding power, characterized as "big but not strong"; but is accelerating from the "shipbuilding power" to "shipbuilding power" Constantly narrowing the gap with Japan and South Korea and other shipbuilding power. The overall level of China's shipbuilding industry is "catch-up", local close to the world's advanced level.

With the successful development of very large vessels such as very large crude oil tankers and very large container ships, the Chinese shipbuilding industry has expanded its new areas and expanded its international market share. With the application of modern shipbuilding technology, some shipbuilding cycles in China are in line with the world's advanced The level of considerable, a substantial increase in shipbuilding efficiency, construction quality continues to improve.

In the process of rapid development, China's shipbuilding industry's design and construction capacity has been greatly improved, and gradually turned to LNG ships, VLCS ships and other high-tech ship research and development. Recently, China's two shipbuilding companies in the French shipping company VLCS ship orders battle, Lectra South Korea three large shipbuilding companies, won the order. Moreover, China's domestic ship market demand is also growing. At present, China's major shipyards generally use modern shipbuilding technology, greatly reducing the shipbuilding cycle. In recent years, China's education population, the quality of practitioners generally improved, shipbuilding enterprises have also increased the industrial workers, R & D personnel and management personnel to improve their overall quality. In addition, China has absorbed foreign advanced technology, enhance the ability of independent innovation, and strive to develop high-tech ships and high value-added ships. In the process of shipbuilding industry development, the government for the development of the industry to create a good condition for transformation and upgrading, improve the innovation environment.

At present, the current status of the global shipbuilding industry is the competition pattern of China, Korea, Japan and Europe. The competitive advantage of emerging shipbuilding countries is mainly concentrated in the low cost of labor and production materials, the basic driving force of the previous shipbuilding industry transfer mainly from the comparative advantages of resources and elements. China has a certain comparative advantage in terms of labor costs and deepwater shoreline resources. Meanwhile, the advantages of ship financing and government support policies have also promoted the competitiveness of China's shipbuilding industry, which makes China compete in the competition of the three major ship Full advantage. The key factor in the future development of the shipbuilding industry is advanced shipbuilding technology and a good financing environment.

The development of China's shipbuilding industry for the emerging shipbuilding countries to provide a lot of experience for reference, such as giving full play to the low cost of labor and other comparative advantages, the government to guide the construction of some low-tech ships, cultivate a large number of skilled Workers, and then expand the scale, to achieve industrial upgrading.